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Casinos and Gambling in Australia
Gambling is an essential element of Australian culture. Not without a reason Australians are called nation of gamblers - 80% of citizens are in some way active in some gambling activity. It is the highest rating in the world. Players from Australia may play in several casinos located throughout the country and on Australian cruise liners.
LAND BASED CASINOS
History of casinos in Australia
Gambling has been known in Australia since a long time, but when in 19th and 20th century government has become more liberal regarding it - gambling’s population started to grow very fast. Law and politics of the government encouraged the development of gambling business. Most of the gambling forms were made legal. Legal casinos started to emerge, first one of them was casino in Wrest Point Hotel in Hobart which was opened in 1973. Next legal casinos came into being in Alice Springs in 1979 and in Darwin in 1982. Currently in Australia there are several legal casinos, and gambling is seen as a positive entertainment form and a way of developing service and tourist business by society in the country.
Gambling is Australia is a popular entertainment form. According to a report from 2014 published in a weekly “The Economist”, yearly losses do to gambling are $1144 per citizen.
Casino Control Act from 2006 is an effective law in Australia regarding land based gambling. Instead state and territorial authorities are responsible for controlling casinos (similar to Germany or Argentina). Each state and each territory has its own controlling organ. They include:
Australian Capital Territory - ACT Gambling and Racing Commission
New South Wales - Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing
Northern Territory - Licensing Commision
Queensland – Office Of Liquor and Gaming Regulation
Northern Australia - Independent Gambling Authority
Tasmania - Tasmanian Gaming Commission
Victoria - Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation
Western Australia - Department of Racing, Gaming and Liquor
On the territory of the whole country players do not pay taxes on winning amounts because gambling is considered to be entertainment, recreation and hobby not source of income.
State and territorial authorities are responsible for controlling casinos in Australia (the same as in Germany and Argentina). Each state and each territory has its own controlling organ.
When, where and what to play in Australian casinos?
On the Australian territory there are several casinos located in every state and federal territory. Moreover, casinos are found as well on cruise liners. They are opened 7 days a week, some of them since afternoon until morning hours, the ones in hotels and cruise liners are opened 24/7. Casinos ofer players different forms of roulette, blackjack, baccarat, poker, dice, Sic Bo, Pain Gow Poker, wheel of fortune and slot machines called “Pokies”.
“Pokies” is a common name to call slot machines which are very popular in Australia and can be found in clubs, hotels and casinos of course.
Cities in which land based casinos can be found:
- Alice Springs
- Prospect Vale
Internet Casinos in Australia
There are many online casinos in Australia, however officially Australians cannot use them. Australian casinos are intended exclusively for players out of country. Australians do play in these casinos because there are no punishments for playing. In addition, they may use abroad online casinos which accept Australian players. Some of the casinos are created for Australian market, currencies functioning in them are australian and american dollar.
In Australia there are many online casinos but they are forbidden to citizens. These casinos are intended for abroad markets, however Australians have access to them and use them. Australian citizens may as well use websites of online casinos available in Australia.
Regulation of online gambling in Australia is under the government. On June 28th 2001 Commonwealth - australian parliament enacted Gambling Act Interactive. This law forces a ban on Australian operators of offering online gambling to Australian players. In accordance with Australian law companies may offer gambling services to recipients living outside Australian and other destined countries. This law however is not enforced and Australian citizens do play in Australian online casinos.
AS A CURIOSITY
Record-breaking jackpot in Jupiters Casino Townsville
In May 2014 Townsville’s citizen won $500 000 in Jupiters Casino playing a slot machine in a VIP room. According to casino’s management it won the highest jackpot in Jupiters Casino out of the last 5 years.
A winner of Aussie Millions Poker Championship
In February 2014 in Crown Casino, Melbourne, Aussie Millions Poker Championship was held. The winner of this edition was a 22-years old Canadian - Ami Barer who won over 600 participants from around the globe. The prize he won was equal to 1,6 million dollars.