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Casinos and Gambling in France
France in terms of number of terrestrial casinos is among the European countries. Casinos are located in most major cities in the country, but most casinos are to be found in the national capital that is in Paris and in the coastal resorts. France also has a rich history associated with gambling - popular worldwide roulette and blackjack were born here.
History of casinos in France
Gambling in France has a very long history, here were born and disseminated games currently popular throughout the world of gambling. Roulette, which is found in every casino in the world its origins in France when, in the seventeenth century French mathematician Blaise Pascal invented the roulette wheel. Often heard is an opinion that the roulette is based on popular in the seventeenth century in Europe the Italian game Hoca. The General Secretary of France, Cardinal Mazarin, opened in the country special casinos in which it could be played. In this way, Mazarin, wanted to found the state budget. Popular Blackjack has its origin in France, where under the name of Vinget-et-un was very popular among a large section of the population and Napoleon Bonaparte as well. Thanks to the dynamic development of gambling in France, casinos were created in the eighteenth century. Today there are nearly 200 land based casinos in France. Half of them belongs to the top four biggest gaming group on the market which include: Partouche group Lucien Barrière , JOA and Tranchant.
Gambling if France is regulated by Gaming Commission (Commission Supérieure des Jeux), which was set up for this aim by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Home Affairs. Gambling licence are granted to casinos by the Ministry of Home Affairs in accordance with the "Decree of 14 May 2007 on the regulation of gambling in casinos" on a temporary basis. Licensing process begins with the creation of a local government advisory committee, composed of deputies, mayors and senior officials. They consider the incoming regarding criteria such as local competition or economic interests. Then a positive or negative opinion for individuals applying for a license is issued. It is then transferred to the Ministry of Home Affairs where the final decision is made. The Ministry of Home Affairs carries inspections in casinos every three years and each time a casino passes it - a contract to operate is renewed, usually for five years.
Where, when and what to play in the French casinos?
Land based casinos are scattered throughout the country, but most of their cluster are located in the capital city of Paris as well as on the west, north and south coasts in holiday resorts. Most of the casinos are opened daily from evening until morning (some of them are opened since early day hours). Offer in the largest casinos is very rich. They offer all the popular gambling games such as poker, blackjack, roulette, craps or baccarat in different varieties as well as slot machines. Guests can also enjoy poker tournaments. Smaller casinos’ offer is rather modest and have available only a few tables and slot machines for its players.
Cities in which land based casinos are found:
- Bagnoles de l'Orne
- Barbotan les Thermes
- Bordeaux Lac
- Bourbon Lancy
- Bourbon L'Archambault
- La Baule
- La Ciotat
- La Grande Motte
- La Tour de Salvagny
- La Trinité
- La Roche-Posay
- La Rochelle
- Lons le Saunier
- Pléneuf Val-André
- Saint Honoré-les-Bains
- Saint Malo
- Vic Sur Cere
Internet Casinos in France
Online gambling was legalised in France under the Act, which came into force on May 12th 2010. However, only online poker is subjected to licensing. Other games due to the fight against gambling in France are not available in the French online casinos by a decision of the legislature. All large groups, which include land-based casinos in France, received licenses to operate in the field of online poker. The fastest on the Internet operate online casinos belonging to the Partouche and Lucien Barrière groups and compete on the market market with companies such as Poker Stars and Party Poker. If the players in France want to play other online gambling are forced to use the offer of foreign operators. Currently, there are about 40 French online casinos and they operate in French and English versions bets are taken in euros and U.S. dollars.
Online gambling is regulated in France by Regulatory Office of Online Games (fr. Autorité des jeux de régulation en ligne , in short ARJEL ) It is an independent body established under the Act of 12 May 2010 on the introduction of competition and regulation of the gambling and online gambling. The main tasks of ARJEL consists in issuing permits for online activities for operators to ensure the accuracy and security of online gambling, ban illegal sites, fight against fraud and gambling addiction.
AS A CURIOSITY
A record win in Joa Casino Port in Morbihan
The highest win in the history of Magic Jackpot in France was the one in Joa Casino Port Crousety on March 28th 2011. On that day a 59 year old retiree from Vannes won 9 420 902 million. He put in the game around 300 euro and thus became a millionaire. Lucky winner decided that he will share his winning with his children. For the part of the win that he left for himself, he decided to buy a Jaguar and travel around the world.
A win during a 13th wedding anniversary at the casino Edge Bageners-de-Bigorre in the Hautes-Pyrenees.
Number 13 does not always bring bad luck. A married couple from Pierrefitte Nestals - which in 2010 along with their three children went to the casino Edge Bagneres-de-Bigorre in Hautes Pyreness - learned that 13 really can be lucky. The family went to the casino in order to celebrate their 13th wedding anniversary. When a winning amount of 5 512 448 € appeared on the Magic Jackpot slot while playing, the family could not believe it - they were thinking that the machine was broken. However, the directors of the casino quickly dispelled any doubts and family for money won decided to fulfil their dream and bought a beautiful yacht.
High win in the Casino Barriere de Royan in Charente Maritime
In 2013, in the casino in Charente Maritime a 28 year old chef from Paris won 3 651 000 € on a slot Magic Jackpot. He put in the machine only 1,5€. He decided to spent the winning money on his dream which was opening his own restaurant.